By Arun Sharma & Anurag Sharma | 17 January 2018 15:25:47 The ancient manuscripts of India are a treasure trove of insights into the lives and thought of the people who wrote them, researchers say.
The work was carried out by the University of California at Santa Cruz’s Illuminated Manuscripts Project and includes over 2,000 medieval manuscripts.
These were written by the world’s greatest writers and artists and include works by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Giambattista Vico, and Renzo Piano, as well as more recent artists such as Meryl Streep and Jennifer Lopez.
“We wanted to document the lives of the authors and the cultures they lived in,” said UC Santa Cruz associate professor of linguistics, professor of history and linguistics Anuram Sharma.
“The manuscripts have a fascinating history.
They’re rich in detail, rich in their ideas and the insights they can provide us with about the past,” he added.
The team used Google Maps to track the location of the ancient manuscripts.
The researchers identified three major cities that feature prominently in the texts: Amritsar in West Bengal, Bengaluru in Tamil Nadu and Madurai in Kerala.
They identified the locations of other important cities as Calcutta in Uttar Pradesh, Mumbai in Gujarat, and Kolkata in Andhra Pradesh.
The maps also revealed other cities where the ancient texts were written.
In one manuscript, the authors write about the “beautiful landscape of Bengaluru, one of the best places for artists, writers and scholars to meet and exchange ideas”, as they write about their home city.
The manuscripts also include the works of the late poet Bhagwat Ramachandra.
The research team used the Google Earth satellite to locate the ancient manuscript locations and then used the maps to find out where people lived, worked and spent their days.
It was then able to determine which areas were likely to be the most important places in the manuscripts.
“This is important because it gives us insight into the social and economic life of these authors and their cities,” said professor of language, linguistics and literary studies, Dr Arun Gupta, from the University’s Department of Linguistics and Cultural Studies.
“These manuscripts provide us the insight to what their lives were like and what their place in the world was like,” he said.
The University has mapped more than 2,200 manuscripts from ancient India and more than 1,000 from the 15th century.
Professor Sharma said the maps of ancient manuscripts could also be used to help historians to better understand the cultures and traditions of ancient India.
“They give us insights into their life, their lives in the past, what they did and what they thought about their time,” he explained.
The code of practice for code of behavior for employees is set out in an internal memo written by chief executive David Gwynne in October 2016.
It outlines what people must do in the workplace, as well as what behaviours are expected.
It also outlines how staff are supposed to communicate with each other and what their responsibilities are.
Here are the key points: “You are responsible for your own safety and the safety of others.”
This applies to both yourself and your colleagues.
“You should always take your own life as soon as you are aware of a risk.”
This is a personal code of behaviour for employees to adhere to.
“There is a responsibility to ensure your own health and wellbeing.
You should not take any steps that are likely to compromise this.”
This includes exercising regularly, taking time off work, not drinking alcohol, taking prescribed medication, taking supplements, and keeping an active diet.
“If you are unable to take steps, or are experiencing health problems, please seek medical advice.”
The Code of Conduct is written by an internal HR committee, which advises on how to make the organisation’s policies and processes work for employees.
The code is overseen by a code-of-practice panel which makes recommendations to the CEO.
This code also includes a range of tools that help staff manage risk, such as the Lumens’ self-monitoring system and a wellness programme.
“The Lumina team and our staff are committed to ensuring that everyone is held to the highest standards,” a spokesperson for Lumina said.
“This includes the safety and wellbeing of all Lumina staff.”
It is not known how many Lumina employees have already taken their own lives.
The Lumina Code of Practice is not the only code of workplace behaviour for Lumens.
The Code for Life is a voluntary code of ethics for all employees and a set of workplace policies and procedures for Lumines employees.
Lumens chief executive and founder, David Gwyne, said he was “devastated” by the death of his friend, Chris Mair, who committed suicide at the age of 26 after a series of mental health issues.
The team at Lumina also created a workplace support programme called Lumine for all Lumens employees, including those working in the health, education and wellbeing sectors.
“We want Lumens to thrive, so we are committed not only to creating safe workplaces but also to ensuring Lumens has the resources it needs to stay competitive,” Mr Gwynnes said.
Lumina is also the world’s first company to create an Employee Benefit Fund, which provides employees with support and financial compensation to cover the costs of medical and dental treatments, mental health treatment and family and social care.
“It’s a testament to our Lumens culture that Lumina’s Employee Benefit Plan is a one-stop shop for every Lumina employee,” Mr Mair’s sister, Stephanie, said.
The CEO’s family have asked that their privacy not be breached in this report.
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